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A-Z of Meniere's / Glossary of terms

atypical "a" meaning not, so not typical
Arlevert Combination drug of cinnarizine & dimenhydrinate- new to UK in Jan '07
audiogram the graph which shows measurement of your hearing
audiometry the measurement of your hearing
bilateral meaning in both i.e. both ears
cinnarizine see Stugeron
cochlea the organ of hearing - see picture
cochlea Meniere's where Vertigo is not present in Meniere's, however this usually becomes classic Meniere's at a later stage.
diuretic A substance that increases the flow of urine from the body.
drop attack see Otolithic crisis of Tumarkin
(Hopi) ear candling a holistic therapy of place candles in the ear more info


endolymphatic hydrops

endolymph fluid is contained in the inner ear and along with hair cells is what tells your brain about your movement or motion. endolymphatic hydrops is when there is too much fluid or the pressure changes or perhaps even fluid leaks out. There is virtually no sodium present in this fluid, which is why low salt diets are often recommended incase excess salt is affecting this.

grommet small and almost tube like inserted between ear drum and middle ear in order to equalise pressure (also called Pressure Equalisation Tubes)
hereditary passing, or capable of passing, naturally from parent to offspring through the genes: Blue eyes are hereditary in our family.
hyperacusis abnormal acuteness of hearing due to increased irritability of the sensory neural mechanism; characterized by intolerance for ordinary sound levels
idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops the medical name for Meniere's disease (where idiopathic means cause unknown)
nystagmus rapid involuntary eye movements often see in dizzy people
Otolithic crisis of Tumarkin sudden vertigo which causes the affected person to drop to the floor.
perilymph an inner ear fluid
semi circular canals the organs of balance- see picture
Serc often used drug from the betahistine family, to control vertigo/dizziness
Stemetil (prochlorperazine) anti vertigo drug
Stugeron (cinnarizine) anti vertigo drug
unilateral meaning in one i.e. one ear
vestibular of or relating to the vestibule of the inner ear, the vestibular apparatus, the vestibular nerve, or the labyrinthine sense <vestibular impulses>
vestibular Meniere's Where tinnuts/loss of hearing are not present, perhaps in early stages of the disease can sometimes be called vestibular Meniere's. However this usually goes on to classic Menieres later on.

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